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Old 05-02-2013, 07:52 PM
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What do I have and how do I keep it alive =)

MY sister got me this beautiful orchid for my birthday but I only have experience with Phals. And little experience at that. What kind of orchid do I have here and is it in dire need of re-potting like most phals when they are bought?
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Old 05-03-2013, 12:16 AM
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Very pretty orchid! You have an oncidium intergeneric hybrid, probably with brassia in its parentage. Here's a culture sheet to get you started: Oncidium Orchid Culture
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Old 05-03-2013, 01:13 AM
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Thank you!
Now I know what kind it is I can start researching
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Old 05-03-2013, 01:49 AM
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That is a very lovely one you have. It reminds me of my Miltassia Shelob Tolkien. I grow it like my oncidiums, they love being moist a lot, lots of air movement, bright light. The size of the pot still looks good, and I hope your container has proper drainage. I do notice the leaves are deep green, may need a little more light. Proper lighting will make it like apple greenish in color. Here is a photo of my Miltassia when it was in bloom last August 2012.
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Old 05-03-2013, 04:06 AM
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Yeah the leaves are quite on the dark side. It definitely needs re-potting. It is in soil
There is a drainage pot on the inner lining but the outer black pot is just decorative. Store bought ones are never set up to survive. It's quite sad
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Old 05-03-2013, 11:19 AM
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Soil? You need to change that to a bark mix or any other orchid mix you prefer, but not soil.
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Old 05-03-2013, 06:09 PM
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I pulled her. Yes it was in soil and perlite/ gravel looking rocks and some hard packed sphagnum in the center.
Are all of these roots dead!
What are her good roots supposed to looks like? I know with phals roots they are supposed to turn green when wet. Not mushy or pappery. Some of these brown roots seem to have substance to them but lot are empty to.
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Old 05-03-2013, 08:42 PM
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Good roots are white that turns green when moist, and roots feels firm, not mushy or papery. I do not think the roots are dead, maybe just a little dehydrated.
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Old 05-03-2013, 08:55 PM
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The last picture are them after I washed them off really well. No green =/
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Old 05-03-2013, 10:02 PM
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Not all roots turn green when wet, especially the ones that have been inside a pot. Also, none of my oncidium roots turn green when wet. Yours look quite healthy to me - just a little dry.
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Old 05-03-2013, 10:10 PM
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Maybe it needs a little while to soak in the water to turn green. Anyway, I am more concerned if I see the roots are mushy, blackened/browned or no roots at all remaining.
The pseudobulb and leaves of the plant looks quite healthy apart from the deep color green which indicates need for more light. So hopefully once you have improved its living condition it will grow even better. Just remember to presoak the new media you are going to use.
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Old 05-03-2013, 11:55 PM
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Roots inside the pot that have never been exposed sunlight will be very pale, which is perfectly normal. So it is quite common to find roots as pale as a ghost! The best way is to gently squeeze the root. If it is firm, then it's healthy. If it is soft, hollow, mushy, or peeling away, then it's dead.

Some wholesale growers do grow their orchids in a fine peat-based mix, which, to me, looks and feels too much like soil.
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